Involuntary loss of weight in adults is considered clinically important when it is 5% or more with respect to the usual weight, in a period of between 6 months and 1 year.
Its importance lies in that is associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality.
There are three main causes: psychiatric, organic (including cancer) and idiopathic. In older people, the most frequent cause is the depression.
When weight loss is involuntary, tends to be documented or substantiated by the family, without apparent cause and people without major weight fluctuations previously.
Analytical accidentals used as predictors do not seem to be specific neoplastic etiology, in the same way tumor markers are useless in the monitoring of certain neoplasms, but not as a screening method.
Compete the initial diagnostic approach to primary care (AP), includes a detailed anamnesis, a scanning for devices and basic complementary tests (analytical basic with systematic blood and urine, biochemistry, hormone tiroestimulante [TSH], serology for virus [HIV] human immunodeficiency and occult blood in feces, x-ray of thorax and abdominal ultrasound) are necessary additional depending on initial findings tests or if it still does not find the cause and symptoms persist.
The risk of serious organic pathology, including malignancies, is low if the initial assessment is normal.
Treatment is primarily etiologic.
The normal individual maintains body weight at a predetermined level of remarkable stability, given how much they vary daily calorie intake and the level of activity. Due to the physiological importance having to conserve energy reserves, it is difficult to lose weight voluntarily and not to recover it.
Weight loss occurs when the power consumption exceeds the calories available for that purpose.
The mechanisms of weight loss are: lower food intake, malabsorption and loss of calories and energy needs increase.
Weight loss is usually harmless and is solved by changing the food and daily habits. However, behind unwanted weight loss and unexplained illness can hide and, in this case, it is important to seek medical advice.
The extreme hunger that people suffering from eating disorders, especially in anorexia nervosa, although sometimes in bulimia nervosa, are subjected leads to weight loss that may endanger life. In other psychic diseases, such as e.g. depressions, also changes in weight, since patients have lost the “urge to eat” or want to deliberately hurt.
Your not just body weight is determined by calories that fires, but also that they eat. For this reason, the power is another pillar in the process of weight loss. If you”re the typical person of the 21st century, it is likely that you “feed” mainly with junk food – and to live glued to a Chair. So having incorporating exercise into your life, it is time that you also change your diet. In this sense, you will have to opt for a diet based on whole grains, meats margas, low in calories and, above all, dairy products from fresh fruits and vegetables.
Some causes of weight loss:
Diabetes-related weight loss may be intentional or unintentional, people with type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, while people with diabetes type 2 are unable to properly manage insulin.
Often, when people with diabetes type 2 make diets for diabetics, lose weight. However, the weight loss for type 1 diabetics usually intentional. Because of high levels of sugar, people with diabetes type 1 may be dehydrated, so drink more water (as suggested on water lipo chicago), causing frequent urination and lose weight quickly. Also, that the body can produce energy, you have to burn the fat cells, causing a rapid loss of weight.
Women may retain up to about 3 litres of water before and during menstruation, even decreasing intake or fasting will not delete that extra weight, they will be removing it little by little, as the days go.